December 17, 2018

Anglo-Saxons: The Anglo-Saxons are a collective group of people from various Germanic tribes, such as the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes. They migrated to England and conquered the local Romano-Briton populations beginning in the late fifth and early sixth centuries. They held onto power in England until the Norman Invasion of 1066.

Carolingians: The Carolingians were a dynasty and the rulers of the Frankish kingdom. They deposed the Merovingian family in the 750s under Pippin the Short (751-768). Various members of their family held royal and imperial titles until the tenth century. 

Feudalism: While this is an anachronistic term, it is still used by some. Feuadalism is the idealized hierarchical system of medieval political relationships with the king at the top, vassals underneath him, and eventually leading down the peasants.

Foederatus: An ally of the Roman Republic. While Foederati existed during the period of the Roman Republic, it is often used to describe the alliance-based relationship between the Roman Empire and the various Barbarian peoples on the fringes of the Roman Empire.

Merovingians: The Merovingians were a dynasty and rulers of the Frankish kingdom beginning with Clovis I (509-511) and ending with Childeric III (743-751). The Merovingians were deposed by the Carolingians.